Do you need some help in preparing for your upcoming Class 11 Physics exams? We’ve compiled a list of MCQ on Gravitation Class 11 MCQs Questions with Answers to get you started with the subject. You can download NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 8 Gravitation with Answers Pdf free download, and learn how smart students prepare well ahead with MCQ Questions for Class 11 Physics with Answers.

## Gravitation Class 11 MCQs Questions with Answers

Solving the Gravitation Multiple Choice Questions of Class 11 Physics Chapter 8 MCQ can help you understand the concepts.

The newton’s law of universal gravitation shows us that the gravitational force (F) of attraction between two substance let their masses be (m1) and (m2), separated by the distance (r)

F=Gm1m2/r2

Question 1.

A body is projected vertically from the surface of the earth of radius R with velocity equal to half of the escape velocity. The maximum height reached by the body is

(a) R

(b) R/2

(c) R/3

(d) R/4

## Answer

Answer: (c) R/3

Question 2.

When the planet comes nearer the sun moves

(a) fast

(b) slow

(c) constant at every point

(d) none of the above

## Answer

Answer: (a) fast

Question 3.

Keplers second law regarding constancy of arial velocity of a planet is a consequence of the law of conservation of

(a) energy

(b) angular momentum

(c) linear momentum

(d) none of these

## Answer

Answer: (b) angular momentum

Question 4.

The escape velocity for a body projected vertically upwards from the surface of the earth is 11km/s. If the body is projected at an angle of 45° with the vertical, the escape velocity will be

(a) 11 /√2 km/s

(b) 11√2 km/s

(c) 2 km/s

(d) 11 km/s

## Answer

Answer: (d) 11 km/s

Question 5.

The radii of the earth and the moon are in the ratio 10 : 1 while acceleration due to gravity on the earths surface and moons surface are in the ratio 6 : 1. The ratio of escape velocities from earths surface to that of moon surface is

(a) 10 : 1

(b) 6 : 1

(c) 1.66 : 1

(d) 7.74 : 1

## Answer

Answer: (d) 7.74 : 1

Question 6.

The escape velocity of a body from the surface of the earth is v. It is given a velocity twice this velocity on the surface of the earth. What will be its velocity at infinity?

(a) v

(b) 2v

(c) √2v

(d) √3v

## Answer

Answer: (d) √3v

Question 7.

The period of geostationary artificial satellite is

(a) 24 hours

(b) 6 hours

(c) 12 hours

(d) 48 hours

## Answer

Answer: (a) 24 hours

Question 8.

If the radius of the earth were to shrink by 1% its mass remaining the same, the acceleration due to gravity on the earths surface would

(a) decrease by 2%

(b) remain unchanged

(c) increase by 2%

(d) will increase by 9.8%

## Answer

Answer: (c) increase by 2%

Question 9.

The mean radius of the earth is R, its angular speed on its own axis is w and the acceleration due to gravity at earths surface is g. The cube of the radius of the orbit of a geo-stationary satellite will be

(a) r²g / w

(b) R²w² / g

(c) RG w²

(d) R²g / w²

## Answer

Answer: (d) R²g / w²

Question 10.

If escape velocity from the earths surface is 11.2 km/sec. then escape velocity from a planet of mass same as that of earth but radius one fourth as that of earth is

(a) 11.2 km/sec

(b) 22.4 km/sec

(c) 5.65 km/sec

(d) 44.8 km/sec

## Answer

Answer: (b) 22.4 km/sec

Question 11.

Geo-stationary satellite

(a) revolves about the polar axis

(b) has a time period less than that of the earths satellite

(c) moves faster than a near earth satellite

(d) is stationary in the space

## Answer

Answer: (a) revolves about the polar axis

Question 12.

If the radius of the earth were to be rease by 1% its mass remaining the same, the acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the earth will

(a) increase by 1%

(b) decrease by 2%

(c) decrease by 1%

(d) increase by 2%

## Answer

Answer: (d) increase by 2%

Question 13.

If the distance between the earth and the sun were half its present value , the number of day in a year would have been

(a) 64.5

(b) 129

(c) 182.5

(d) 730

## Answer

Answer: (b) 129

Question 14.

If the radius of the earth were to shrink by 1% its mass remaining the same, the acceleration due to gravity on the earths surface would

(a) decrease by 2%

(b) remain unchanged

(c) increase by 2%

(d) will increase by 9.8%

## Answer

Answer: (c) increase by 2%

Question 15.

If escape velocity from the earths surface is 11.2 km/sec. then escape velocity from a planet of mass same as that of earth but radius one fourth as that of earth is

(a) 11.2 km/sec

(b) 22.4 km/sec

(c) 5.65 km/sec

(d) 44.8 km/sec

## Answer

Answer: (b) 22.4 km/sec

Question 16.

The radii of the earth and the moon are in the ratio 10 : 1 while acceleration due to gravity on the earths surface and moons surface are in the ratio 6 : 1. The ratio of escape velocities from earths surface to that of moon surface is

(a) 10 : 1

(b) 6 : 1

(c) 1.66 : 1

(d) 7.74 : 1

## Answer

Answer: (d) 7.74 : 1

Question 17.

Average density of the earth

(a) is a complex function of g

(b) does not de end on g

(c) is inversely proportional to g

(d) is directly proportional to g

## Answer

Answer: (b) does not de end on g

Question 18.

An infinite number of identical point masses each equal to m are placed at points x = 1, x = 2, x = 4, x = 8m, ……. The total gravitational potential at point at x = 0 is

(a) -Gm

(b) -2Gm

(c) +2Gm

(d) infinite

## Answer

Answer: (b) -2Gm

Question 19.

A body is projected vertically from the surface of the earth of radius R with velocity equal to half of the escape velocity. The maximum height reached by the body is

(a) R

(b) R/2

(c) R/3

(d) R/4

## Answer

Answer: (c) R/3

Question 20.

A satellite is revolving around the earth in a circular orbit with a velocity of 7.07 km/s. What minimum increase in its velocity is needed to make it escape gravitational pull of earth?

(a) 4.23 km/s in the direction of its velocity

(b) 11.3 km/s in a direction perpendicular to its velocity

(c) 2.93 km/s in the direction of its velocity

(d) 4.23 km/s in a direction perpendicular to its velocity

## Answer

Answer: (c) 2.93 km/s in the direction of its velocity

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