This is a transformation both horizontal and vertical translation or moving!
The – 2 moves down the entire graph by 2 as it is faithful and does what we think it will do
Only answers (1) and (3) have been moved down
But the (x + 1) part is the horizontal shift and does the opposite of what it looks like so it will shift left
The easiest way to do this is to pick a point on the original graph like (2,3)
Move it one unit left and two units down to (1,1)
Which of the two graphs for answers (1) and (3) go through (1,1)?