March 2018 Brain Puzzler Solution

Q: Leaving at 8:00 AM, if Ms. Brown drives at an average speed of 40 miles per hour, she will be late by 3 minutes. If she drives at an average speed of 60 miles per hour, she will be early by 3 minutes.  How many miles per hour does Ms. Brown need to drive to get to work exactly on time?

A: 48 miles per hour

There is a 6 minute difference between the fast (60 mph) speed and the slow (40 mph) speed.  This 6 minutes is 1/10 of an hour.
Distance = rate x time.  The two distances are equal so:
We can figure out how long it would take at 60 mph and go from there.
40 (t + .1) = 60 t
40t  + 4 = 60 t
4 = 20 t
4/20 = t = 1/5 hour
So it will take 1/5 hour at 60 mph which is 12 miles. (1/5 hour = 12 minutes)
It will take abit longer at 40 mph:
1/5 hour + 1/10 hour =
.2 hour + .1 hour = .3 hour at 40 mph  which is also 12 miles. (.3 hour is 18 minutes).
If Ms. Brown was exactly on time it would take her 15 minutes to go the 12 miles.
12 miles in 15 min = 48 mph.

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